Hair and Nails
At Preston Dermatology, we can diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions related to hair and nails. Our expert dermatologists are here to address your needs:
- Alopecia refers to hair loss and can affect both men and women. It can be caused by a number of medical conditions, genetics and skin infections. Some types of alopecia can cause scarring. Examples include androgenetic alopecia, alopecia areata, lichen planopilaris, and others. We develop a treatment approach based on the type of alopecia you have.
- Seborrhoeic dermatitis causes red, greasy marks or scaling on the scalp and face. It tends to come and go in adults. There are a variety of treatments available. Dandruff is a less severe form of this condition. When infants have this condition, we call it “cradle cap.” Most babies outgrow cradle cap within 6 to 12 months.
- Folliculitis is inflammation of hair follicles. It can appear anywhere on the body, but is most common on the scalp. It is generally not dangerous, but may need treatment in certain cases.
- Head lice (pediculosis capitis) is an infestation of the scalp and it usually affects pre school and primary school aged children. Transmission occurs through direct contact and you need treatment to get rid of the bugs. Over the counter treatments are usually effective.
- Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp that causes itchiness, hair loss (alopecia), and swollen glands in the neck. It is easily transmitted. You have to use antifungal medication to eliminate it.
- Scalp psoriasis refers to psoriatic plaques on the scalp. These can appear as thick red plaques with an overlying scale. Medicated shampoos, topical solutions, injections, and systemic therapies can help.
- Ingrown nails occur when the nail plate grows into, rather than over, the lateral nail fold. When you get an ingrown nail, your body reacts with redness, pain, swelling, and sometimes pus. Home remedies include soaking the area in warm water and gentle retraction of the nail fold. If you have severe discomfort or if the problem persists, you can see a dermatologist.
- Nail fungus (onychomycosis) causes discoloured, thickened nails. Over the counter treatments may not be effective. Nail changes can indicate a larger problem. If you see changes in your nails, you can consult your dermatologist.